- ROBERTS’ COURT EQUALITY CASES on OLD CIVIL RIGHTS
- These cases involved two statutes from the 1960s — the Civil Rights Act of 1964; Voting Rights Act of 1965
Diversity & Race
Fisher v. University of Texas (sending diversity as affirmative action down to lower level)
Workplace Discrimination, an EEOC expansive definition struck down
Vance v. Ball State University (restricting the Obama administration’s EEOC’s expansive definition of who constitutes a supervisor. Defining who supervises who in employment is vital for sexual harassment situations . Unlike anti-discrimination based upon the intent of the person discriminating, sexual harassment is based upon either the creation of ahostile workplace environment and/ a quid pro quo situation. Actions rather than intent count in sexual harassment situations. This makes management accountable for supervisors they have been informed harass an employee. Management, in other words, faces responsibility for keeping a harassing supervisor in place.
Shelby v. Holder (Formula for preclearance declared unconstitutional by 5-4 majority with Chief Justice writing for the majority, rendering key blow to Voting Rights Act of 1965).
Immigration & Citizenship
Arizona v.Inter Tribal Council of Arizona (striking down punitive state voting law, requiring proof of citizenship)
- Sovereignty and States Rights (states rights in family courts and national sovereignty, involving Native American tribal rights.
Native American Rights