Old Civil Rights (women, persons of color, Native Americans, immigrants)


  2. These cases involved two statutes from the 1960s — the Civil Rights Act of 1964; Voting Rights Act of 1965

Diversity & Race

Fisher v. University of Texas (sending diversity as affirmative action down to lower level)

Workplace Discrimination, an EEOC expansive definition struck down

Vance v. Ball State University (restricting the Obama administration’s EEOC’s expansive definition of who constitutes a supervisor.  Defining who supervises who in employment is vital for sexual harassment situations .  Unlike anti-discrimination based upon the intent of the person discriminating, sexual harassment is based upon either the creation of ahostile workplace environment and/ a quid pro quo situation.  Actions rather than intent count in sexual harassment situations. This makes management accountable for supervisors they have been informed harass an employee.  Management, in other words, faces responsibility for keeping a harassing supervisor in place.

Voting Rights

Shelby v. Holder (Formula for preclearance declared unconstitutional by 5-4 majority with Chief Justice writing for the majority, rendering key blow to Voting Rights Act of 1965).

  1. Federalism:

Immigration & Citizenship

Arizona v.Inter Tribal Council of Arizona (striking down punitive state voting law, requiring proof of citizenship)

  1. Sovereignty and States Rights (states rights in family courts and  national sovereignty, involving Native American tribal rights.

Native American Rights

Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl

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About Ruth O'Brien

Professor Ruth O'Brien, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York (CUNY) & Honorary Unaffiliated Academic Book Series Editor for The Public Square, Princeton University Press & Heretical Thought, Oxford University Press, USA Last book: Out of Many, One: Obama & the Third American Political Tradition (U of Chicago 2013). Nickname: "Professorette" by Rush Limbaugh (see http://www.gc.cuny.edu/Faculty/Core-Bios/Ruth-O-Brien)

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